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Medical Care

Treatment Options Available For Drug And Substance Addiction


For people struggling with an addiction to drugs or alcohol, there are many treatment options available. These incorporate inpatient and outpatient recovery, continuous support groups and various sorts of treatments.

Residential or outpatient drug treatments are usually the first step for many people on the road to recovery. Addiction treatment can be customized based on each person's unique needs and situations, and so the treatment is different. Depending on how serious the addiction is and which substance is being abused, the medical personnel will draw up a suitable treatment plan.


  • Residential Medical Care
  • The highest level of treatment care such as medically supervised detoxification and around-the-clock support are what inpatient programs offer.
  • People with more than one addiction, pre-existing conditions and serious addiction are usually better off in residential drug treatment programs.
  • Inpatient treatment additionally has the highest rates of long term achievement.
  • Outpatient Medication
  • People who have other responsibilities such as work or school but still feel suitably motivated to give up their drug habit can make use of outpatient treatment programs.
  • A person will be able to access medical care and still live with his/her family during outpatient treatment.
  • Sober Living Homes
  • To bridge the gap between residential medical care and the outside life, patients are placed in sober living homes.
  • These are an extraordinary choice for the individuals who require extra time fortifying what was found out in recovery and to create solid propensities while still in the solace of a checked domain.
  • Support Groups
  • Staying clean after rehabilitation is usually much easier with the help of support groups.
  • There are various diverse care groups custom fitted to particular substances or demographics.
  • Finding the right gathering gives a group of people that support and encourage each other to remain focused on moderation.
  • Addiction Counsellors
  • People that are undertaking medical care need a dependency therapist that provides impartial support.
  • An individualized plan for treatment and aftercare is created by counsellors and conduct group or one-on-one therapy sessions.

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The Conventional Treatment Structure

There are similarities in the procedures used in treating addiction to drugs and alcohol with medical detox and continuous therapies.

  • 1. Detox from Drugs and Alcohol
  • Medical Detoxification is conducted under the supervision of a physician, who is there to make sure that the side effects of withdrawal are minimized, and is the initial step in most medical care programs.
  • The use of medication is required during the detoxification process for some drugs so as to reduce the withdrawal symptoms
  • These medications are regularly decreased down until the patient is no more extended dependent on any substance.
  • 2. Comparing Inpatient and Outpatient Rehab
  • People with heavy drug use or long-term addiction usually go to inpatient rehabilitation since such programs are better designed to cater to their needs.
  • On the other hand, patients are allowed to continue with their work and studies with non-residential rehab programs.
  • After care therapies (Life After Treatment)
  • After recovery, there are numerous continuous treatments accessible for recouping addicts to help them proceed on the right way.
  • As rehabilitation is a long lasting procedure, it is critical to seek after progressing medications that give support and responsibility.

Addiction Treatment Therapies

A person's cycle of abuse and health status is what determines what therapies are used when getting medical care.


A range of one-on-one or group therapy classes are some of the options for therapy, that are organized by addiction counsellors.

  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
  • CBT helps patients in treatment deal with challenging thoughts or feelings that could compromise recovery or lead to a setback
  • This type of treatment is additionally valuable in treating co-happening conditions, for example, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
  • Biofeedback
  • Electronic sensors are placed on a patient's skin to provide medical professionals with an accurate read on an individual's "bio" signs during biofeedback therapy.
  • Patients are given a mental advantage when it comes to overcoming their dependency with biofeedback, and the sessions usually go on for a minimum of 30 minutes and maximum of 60 minutes.
  • Holistic Therapy
  • Both the physical withdrawal symptoms and overall health of the recovering drug user are treated when it comes to Holistic therapy.
  • Meditation, art, music, yoga and acupuncture are a few of the commonly practiced holistic therapies.
  • Experiential Therapy
  • Patients are taught to deal with suppressed feelings that might have factored into their dependency on drugs using experiential therapy, which is a modern technique.
  • Rock-climbing, wilderness therapy, and ropes courses are the common types of this therapy.
  • Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET)
  • To help individuals in addiction recovery to learn how to change their thoughts and behaviours which are attached to their addiction, MET can be used.
  • Recovering addicts who have co-occurring conditions, such as bipolar or eating disorders can be treated with this type of therapy.
  • DBT or Dialectal Behaviour Therapy
  • Amid DBT, extreme emotional instabilities are dealt with in conjunction with an addiction issue.
  • Giving users the ability to handle stress, work on their self-respect, and support in getting rid of things that can cause a relapse is main aim of DBT.
  • Faith-Based Treatment
  • Faith-based treatment centres give people who regard religion with specific programs and services that focus around belief and sanctity.
  • In this approach of treatment, recovering patients are in the same environment with individuals who share their values of looking for guidance from a supreme being to remain focused during sobriety.

Mutual Aid Groups

Addicts that are looking for a group that offers support and responsibility during recovery can join a support group.


Support groups are essential for ensuring that patients stay on the right path when they finish treatment, providing a continuous aftercare program.

  • 12-Step programs
  • Many treatment centres have 12 step programs which are based on the model of Alcoholics Anonymous.
  • Each of the steps is part of a process of seeking the help of a higher power in overcoming addiction as the users accept that they cannot deal with their addictions on their own.
  • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
  • AA meeting provides a group of individual addicted to alcohol that can all relate to one another on some level and how this has impacted their life style.
  • Familiar settings within the neighbourhood are the most frequently used for regular Alcoholics Anonymous meetings.
  • Open gatherings urge family members or adorable ones to attend while private gatherings are simply for those in recuperation themselves.
  • Narcotics Anonymous (NA)
  • NA is a support system or support group that is designed in a manner similar to AA or Alcoholics Anonymous.
  • It offers assistance to individuals on the recovery course from not only alcohol, but other substances as well in the community.
  • NA members inspire one another to be devoted to abstemiousness and avoid going back to their past substance abuse habit.
  • Meetings are basically about members sharing their addiction experiences and their progress in recovery.
  • SMART Recovery
  • SMART is a very notable option to 12-step help units.
  • It shows recovering dependents ways to control addictive traits by dealing with the major thoughts and feelings connected to drug ill-use.
  • SMART recovery employs a "4-point" strategy with stages that may be accomplished in whichever order

Resources For Families And Friends

It is extremely hard to see how the person you love is fighting with addiction to alcohol or drugs. Luckily we have a number of centres available where loved ones can get help to equip them in the intervention process, identifying a treatment facility and participating in support groups.

  • How to Intervene in case of an Addiction
  • An intervention is typically about friends and family talking to an addict in many cases under the supervision of an intervention expert.
  • The purpose of an intervention is to allow family and friends to share their concerns and thoughts in a productive manner which encourages the addict to seek treatment.
  • Al-Anon
  • Al-non is a help squad for allies and family members of persons that have an addiction to alcohol.
  • The main goal of this group is to show these people that they are not alone in their attempt to help their loved one overcome addiction; also, at the group attendees learn effective techniques of treating alcohol addiction as a family disease.

Finding The Best Treatment Facility

In the UK alone, there are hundreds of rehabilitation centres where people struggling with various addictions can seek the kind of treatment they need.